The cost of electricity for distribution utilities fell from Rs. 4.21/KWh in 2017-18 to Rs. 4.73/KWh in 2019-20, during which time overall technical and commercial losses went from 21.50% to 20.93%.
Transmission and distribution losses are the losses incurred in electrical networks due to reasons such as heat losses and billing inefficiencies. The cost of electricity generation depends on a variety of factors, including the type of generation, capital cost, financial costs, fuel cost, operation and maintenance (O&M) costs, employees, and costs. administrative.
According to the information available in the “Electricity Utilities Performance Report” published by Power Finance Corporation (PFC), the cost of electricity to the distribution utilities increased from Rs. 4.21/KWh in the 2017-18 at Rs. 4.73/KWh in 2019-20, during which time overall technical and commercial losses fell from 21.50% to 20.93%.
The government promotes research and development (R&D) for the Indian power sector through the Central Power Research Institute (CPRI) and various R&D programs. The government recently approved the proposal for continuation of R&D programs in the power sector to be implemented through CPRI with an expenditure of Rs. 112 crores.
A standing committee on R&D (SCRD) in the electricity sector has been constituted under the chairmanship of the president of the Central Electricity Authority to identify and prioritize important strategic areas of R&D, which must be implemented as part of R&D programs. The SCRD identifies leading researchers and subject matter experts in various areas of the energy sector and engages them in the research programs.
Technical committees in specific energy areas, namely thermal generation, hydroelectric generation, transmission and grid, energy distribution and conservation, have also been formed to assist the SCRD in evaluating proposals. of R&D and to follow R&D projects until their success. The committees are made up of representatives from academia, industry, utilities and policy-making bodies.
In addition, research projects from eminent institutions across India like IIT Kharagpur, IIT Kanpur, IIT Madras, IIT Bombay, NIT Meghalaya, NIT Silchar, CMET Thrissur, CPRI, have been supported in various fields of action regarding generation, transmission, distribution and clean energy. and renewable energies.
This information was given by Union Minister for Electricity and New and Renewable Energy Shri RK Singh in a written response to Lok Sabha today.